Oncology CME is the study of cancer. This branch of medicine researches, identifies, and treats cancer. An oncologist will choose from 3 study areas, including medical, surgical, and radiation. Learn more about cancer doctors in this article.

What Are The Main Oncologist Specialties?

  • Medical Oncologist:treats cancer with chemotherapy, targeted therapy, immunotherapy, and hormonal therapy
  • Surgical Oncologist:treats cancer with surgery
  • Radiation Oncologist: treats cancer with radiation

What Are Some Oncologist Sub-Specialties?

  • Bone and Musculoskeletal Oncology: focuses on the bones and soft tissue
  • Breast Oncology: focuses on the breast
  • Dermatological Oncology: focuses on the skin, hair, sweat glands, and nails
  • Gastrointestinal Oncology: focuses on the stomach, colon, rectum, anal canal, liver, gallbladder, and pancreas
  • Genitourinary Oncology: focuses on the genital and urinary system
  • Geriatric Oncology: focuses on the elderly
  • Gynecologic Oncology: focuses on the female reproductive system
  • Head and Neck Oncology: focuses on the oral cavity, nasal cavity, oropharynx, hypopharynx, and larynx
  • Hemato Oncology: focuses on blood and stem cell transplantation
  • Molecular Oncology: focuses on molecular diagnostic methods
  • Neuro Oncology: focuses on the brain
  • Nuclear Medicine Oncology: focuses on diagnosis and treatment with radiopharmaceuticals
  • Ocular Oncology: focuses on the eye
  • Pain and Palliative Oncology: focuses on end-stage reduction of pain and suffering
  • Pediatric Oncology: focuses on children
  • Preventative Oncology: focuses on epidemiology and prevention
  • Psycho Oncology: focuses on psychosocial issues regarding diagnosis and treatment in patients
  • Thoracic Oncology: focuses on the lung, mediastinum, esophagus, and pleura
  • Veterinary Oncology: focuses on animals

What Is the Oncologist’s Role?

They manage a cancer patient’s care throughout the course of the disease, starting with the diagnosis. They explain the diagnosis, including what stage the cancer is currently in, talk about all treatment options, deliver compassionate care, and help a patient manage side effects and symptoms that come with the cancer treatment along with the cancer itself.

Will a Patient Work with More Than One Medical Professional?

Yes, often, someone with cancer will work with multiple physicians on their treatment path. For example, someone needing a combination of surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy might have 3 different oncologists. They might also encounter pathologists who read lab tests where they check cells, tissues, and organs, diagnostic radiologists who conduct imaging tests like x-rays and ultrasounds, oncology nurses and social workers.

Learn more about oncologists and the whole cancer multidisciplinary team when you enroll in oncology CE (continuing education) courses.

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